[113], In 2012, Airbus announced another increase in the A380's maximum take-off weight to 575 t (1,268,000 lb), a 6 t increase from the initial A380 variant and 2 t higher than the increased-weight proposal of 2010. Airbus first began studies on a … [332] The same aircraft was then wet-leased to Norwegian to operate its evening London-New York service for several weeks in August 2018, to alleviate availability issues on its Boeing 787s affected by Trent 1000 engine problems;[333] Air Austral also signed a deal to wet-lease an A380 from Hi Fly while one of its 787s is grounded for three months of Trent 1000 inspections. Then in May 2007, Airbus began marketing a configuration with 30 fewer passengers (525 total in three classes)—traded for 200 nmi (370 km) more range—to better reflect trends in premium-class accommodation. [68] The delay also increased the earnings shortfall projected by Airbus through 2010 to €4.8 billion. [178][179][180] The A380 is the first commercial airliner to have a central wing box made of carbon–fibre reinforced plastic. While Amedeo argued that cancellation should benefit the value, this will depend on whether any new airlines are prepared to adopt second-hand A380s, and how many existing users continue to operate the aircraft. Het toestel biedt plaats aan maximaal 853 passagiers. The first prototype was unveiled in Toulouse on 18 January 2005, with its first flight on 27 April 2005. [327] Het vliegtuig werd op 18 januari 2005 in de aanwezigheid van zo'n 5000 toeschouwers officieel in de Franse stad Toulouse gepresenteerd, onder wie de vier regeringsleiders van de deelnemende landen. [7]:7 McDonnell Douglas unsuccessfully offered its double-deck MD-12 concept for sale. Airbus stopt in 2021 met de productie van de A380, de reusachtige dubbeldekker met een prijskaartje van ruim 300 miljoen euro per stuk. In het ontwerp van Airbus is men er steeds van uitgegaan dat er nog een verlengde versie van het toestel zou kunnen worden uitgebracht. Het toestel zou ook grotere winglets krijgen, die 4 % efficiënter zouden zijn. [168][169] [197][198] The cockpit has eight 15 by 20 cm (5.9 by 7.9 in) liquid crystal displays, all physically identical and interchangeable; comprising two primary flight displays, two navigation displays, one engine parameter display, one system display and two multi-function displays. [90] The first aircraft was sold and leased back by Singapore Airlines in 2007 to Dr. Peters for $197 million. [32], On 15 May 2018, in its EU appeal ruling, a WTO ruling concluded that the A380 received improper subsidies through $9 billion of launch aids, but Airbus acknowledges that the threat posed to Boeing by the A380 is so marginal with 330 orders since its 2000 launch that any U.S. sanctions should be minimal, as previous rulings showed Boeing's exposure could be as little as $377 million. [303], In 2007, Airbus estimated a demand for 1,283 VLAs in the following 20 years if airport congestion remains constant, up to 1,771 VLAs if congestion increases, with most deliveries (56%) in Asia-Pacific, and 415 very large, 120-tonne plus freighters. [304] For the same period, Boeing was estimating the demand for 590 large (747 or A380) passenger airliners and 630 freighters. Trent 900 = Rolls-Royce Trent 900, De productie van de A380-800 is teruggeschroefd, er werden in 2010 slechts 18 stuks geleverd. De Trent 900 van Rolls-Royce wordt geplaatst op de types A380-841, A380-842 en A380-843F. Hi Fly was to receive its A380s from mid-2018 in a 471-seat configuration: 399 on the main deck, 60 business-class and 12 first-class seats on the upper deck, the Singapore Airlines layout. This version would have a seating capacity of 650 passengers in standard configuration, and approximately 900 passengers in economy-only configuration. [88] In 2010 Airbus delivered 18 of the expected 20 A380s, due to Rolls-Royce engine availability problems. [166] [63] This caused overall configuration management problems, at least in part because wire harnesses manufactured using aluminium rather than copper conductors necessitated special design rules including non-standard dimensions and bend radii; these were not easily transferred between versions of the software. [247] The US FAA initially opposed this,[248][249] then in July 2007, the FAA and EASA agreed to let the A380 operate on 45 m (148 ft) runways without restrictions. The electrical power system is fully computerised and many contactors and breakers have been replaced by solid-state devices for better performance and increased reliability. [92] Passengers bought seats in a charity online auction paying between $560 and $100,380. This is because first class and business class seats take up more room, so if there are larger sections for first and business class, there will be a lower capacity. [33], In February 2019, the German government disclosed that it was conducting talks with Airbus regarding €600 million in outstanding loans. [273] It would have the largest payload capacity of any freighter aircraft except the single Antonov An-225 Mriya in service. Airbus is committed to reach the industry standard of 98.5%. Men kwam uiteindelijk tot de huidige uitvoering met twee verdiepingen. Zowel voor de bovenste verdieping als voor de onderste verdieping wordt een slurf aangesloten. Van Burg, E., Berends, H., & van Raaij, E. M. (2014). From 1997 to 2000, as the 1997 Asian financial crisis darkened the market outlook, Airbus refined its design, targeting a 15–20% reduction in operating costs over the existing Boeing 747-400. The A380's upper and lower decks are connected by two stairways, one fore and one aft, with both being wide enough to accommodate two passengers side by side; this cabin arrangement allows multiple seat configurations. First of all the Boeing 747-8i has a typical seating capacity of 410. Airbus announced modifications adding 30 kg (66 lb) to the wing to provide the required strength. Total orders for the A380 stand at 251 as of November 2019[update]. [161] [9] Airbus bouwde in 2015 nog 27 exemplaren van de A380 en in 2016 28, in 2017 werden dit er 15 en vanaf 2018 nog maar 12 per jaar. With a total revenue of US$80 million per aircraft, the overall return expected is 145–155% while 72% and 81% of their debt had already been repaid.[343]. [159] [110], In 2010, Airbus announced a new A380 build standard, incorporating a strengthened airframe structure and a 1.5° increase in wing twist. [362], Amedeo, an aircraft lessor that ordered 20 A380s, had not found a client for the airliner and eventually cancelled their order in 2019. De A380-800 is oorspronkelijk ontworpen om in drie klassen 550 passagiers te vervoeren of 853 in toestellen met uitsluitend stoelen in de economyclass. [22][23][24][25] The A380 designation was a break from previous Airbus families, which had progressed sequentially from A300 to A340. The first aircraft was scheduled to begin commercial operations during the first quarter of 2018[329][330] The wings incorporate wingtip fences that extend above and below the wing surface, similar to those on the A310 and A320. Even the teardown value is questionable, in that the engines, usually the most valuable part of a scrap aircraft, are not used by any other models. [336] De A380 heeft wel een verbeterde glass cockpit. Swiss aircraft broker Sparfell & Partners plans to convert for head-of-state or VVIP transport some of Dr. Peters' four ex-SIA A380s for under $300 million apiece, less than a new Boeing 777 or Airbus A330. [369], In early 2019, Airbus confirmed it was in discussions with Emirates over its A380 contract. Nu Airbus heeft besloten in 2021 te stoppen met de productie van de A380 kan ervan uit worden gegaan dat onderstaande versies er nooit zullen komen. [279] Airlines that expressed an interest in the A380-900 included Emirates,[280] Virgin Atlantic,[281] Cathay Pacific,[282] Air France, KLM, Lufthansa,[283] Kingfisher Airlines,[284] and leasing company ILFC. [302], AirInsight estimates its hourly cost at $26,000, or around $50 per seat hour (for 520 seats), which compares to $44 per seat hour for a Boeing 777-300ER, and $90 per seat hour for a Boeing 747-400 as of November 2015[update]. Het is het grootste luchtwaardige passagiersvliegtuig ter wereld. The Airbus A380 is a wide-body aircraft manufactured by Airbus. [107] In June 2014, over 65 million passengers had flown the A380,[108] and more than 100 million passengers (averaging 375 per flight) by September 2015, with an availability of 98.5%. [177] Carbon-fibre reinforced plastic, glass-fibre reinforced plastic and quartz-fibre reinforced plastic are used extensively in wings, fuselage sections (such as the undercarriage and rear end of fuselage), tail surfaces, and doors. As this is a market that is becoming ever smaller in today’s airline industry, the A380 is becoming increasingly obsolete. Airbus begon de ontwikkeling van een zeer groot verkeersvliegtuig, in de begindagen door Airbus Megaliner genoemd, in het begin van de jaren 90 en begon na marktstudie in juni 1994 aan de A3XX. [6][375], On 21 March 2019, All Nippon Airways received its first of three A380 painted with the Sea Turtle livery. ", "A380 production will create 'digestible' losses: Airbus", "The real reason Airbus is retiring its A380 superjumbo jet", "End of the superjumbo: Airbus is giving up on the A380", "Passengers love Airbus A380 but it never fully took off with buyers". [276], At launch in December 2000, a 656-seat A380-200 was proposed as a derivative of the 555-seat baseline. Amedeo, mainly an A380 lessor and the largest with 22, mostly leased to Emirates, wants to find a use for them after their lease expires from 2022, and study if there is a demand to wet lease them. [87] A total of 10 A380s were delivered in 2009. Airbus's newest concept would be a stretch of the A380-800 offering 50 seats more—not 100 seats as originally envisaged. The two aircraft have returned 3.8–4.2% per year since 2008 but the 145–155% return is lower than the 220% originally forecast. [233][234][235] A year later, Qantas debuted a new first class seat-bed and a sofa lounge at the front of the upper deck on its A380s,[236][237] and in 2009 Air France unveiled an upper deck electronic art gallery. As of February 2018[update], Enders was confident the A380 would gain additional orders from existing or new operators, and saw opportunities in Asia and particularly in China where it is "under-represented". [334] [243], In the 1990s, aircraft manufacturers were planning to introduce larger planes than the Boeing 747. [3] In 2016, The A380 development costs were estimated at $25 billion for 15 years,[30] $25–30 billion,[31] or €25 billion ($28 billion). [112] Emirates has asked for an update with new engines for the A380 to be competitive with the 777X around 2020, and Airbus is studying 11-abreast seating. On 18 January 2018, Airbus secured a preliminary agreement from Emirates for up to 36 A380s, to be delivered from 2020, valued at $16 billion at list prices. It first took flight on 27 April, 2005. [341] [286], On 11 December 2014, at the annual Airbus Investor Day forum, Airbus CEO Fabrice Bregier controversially announced, "We will one day launch an A380neo and one day launch a stretched A380". De eerste testvlucht, waarbij de bemanning was uitgerust met een parachute om in het uiterste geval via een luik te kunnen ontsnappen, vond op 27 april 2005 plaats, ook vanaf Toulouse. The higher-weight version was offered for introduction to service early in 2013. Instead, as retired Airbus salesman John Leahy explains in this AirlineRatings article , Airbus delivered an over-engineered, over-budget, over-weight and delayed aircraft at the worst possible moment – the height … [308][309] In 2013, Air France withdrew A380 services to Singapore and Montreal and switched to smaller aircraft. Contacts and contracts: Cross-level network dynamics in the development of an aircraft material. Deze vlucht ging van Singapore naar Sydney. [310], In 2014, British Airways replaced three 777 flights between London and Los Angeles with two A380 per day. De grootste klant, Emirates, paste onlangs een order aan en bestelde meer kleinere toestellen en minder A380's. [199] They include QWERTY keyboards and trackballs, interfacing with a graphical "point-and-click" display system. Emirates was de tweede maatschappij die met de A380 commerciële vluchten maakt. [4], De assemblage van het toestel gebeurt in Toulouse, in Frankrijk, maar de productie wordt door tegenvallende verkopen in 2021 gestaakt. The megaproject was announced at the 1990 Farnborough Airshow, with the stated goal of 15% lower operating costs than the 747-400. De eerste commerciële vlucht was op 25 oktober 2007. Updating the A380: the prospect of a neo version and what's involved. [7]:19 The A3XX was pitted against the VLCT study and Boeing's own New Large Aircraft successor to the 747. Its maximum fuel capacity is over 85,000 gallons, or about the same as 5,300 Toyota Camrys. [358], In late July 2014, Airbus announced that it had terminated five A380 firm orders from the Japanese low-cost carrier, Skymark Airlines, citing concerns over the airline's financial performance. Airbus A380-800 The basic model. The rig was towed over a section of pavement at Airbus' facilities that had been instrumented with embedded load sensors. As the jet age roared towards its peak, aircraft manufacturer Airbus wanted to create its own superjumbo to challenge Boeing's 747 for supremacy. [49] On 26 March 2006, the A380 underwent evacuation certification in Hamburg. [55] The aircraft flew from Toulouse with 474 Airbus employees on board, in a test of passenger facilities and comfort. [271], As the A380 fleet grows older, airworthiness authority rules require certain scheduled inspections from approved aircraft tool shops. Its range will increase by some 150 nautical miles (280 km), taking its capability to around 8,350 nautical miles (15,460 km) at current payloads. [119] EADS acknowledged that the cost of repairs would be over $130 million, to be borne by Airbus. The A380 is a modern icon that has flown over 500,000 revenue flights carrying over 190 million passengers. Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, "A380" redirects here. De eerste vijf A380-toestellen werden aan Singapore Airlines geleverd. Thermoplastics are used in the leading edges of the slats. Airbus A380 Specifications. QANTAS, for example, has fitted its aircraft out with 523 seats in three classes. Met name de taxi- en startbanen moeten worden verbreed. Verwacht wordt dat deze beide aspecten de vermoeidheid van de passagiers zal verminderen. De ontwikkeling van dit toestel zou volgens de plannen beginnen zodra de productie van de A380-800 op schema zit. Air France-KLM besloot in de periode die volgde, waarin dus geen enkel passagiersvliegtuig meer vloog, de Airbus A380 bij het hervatten in de toekomst van de vluchten niet meer in te zetten.[6]. An Airbus A380, front, and a Boeing 747-400 at Sydney airport, Australia, in 2015 (Photo by Brendon Thorne/Bloomberg via Getty Images) [244] Airbus designed the A380 according to these guidelines,[245][246] and to operate safely on Group V runways and taxiways with a 60 metres (200 ft) loadbearing width. [105] By July 2010, the 31 A380s then in service had transported 6 million passengers on 17,000 flights between 20 international destinations. [17][18] Airbus did so in line with traditional hub-and-spoke theory, as opposed to the point-to-point theory with the Boeing 777,[19] after conducting an extensive market analysis with over 200 focus groups. Version and what 's involved 2019, Hi Fly would lease two used.! 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Worden de luchthavens die de A380 ingeruimd juridische stappen of eisten een schadevergoeding Airbus... And A320 een lijndienst door het besluit komen 3000 tot 3500 banen te vervallen, maar verwacht... ) as `` impressively slow '' an A380-900 would make better use of the programme Airbus! The largest payload capacity of 410 dus met 2 gangpaden made to airports... Accessed through the MFDs and controlled via the keyboard interface 3 aircraft per month takes place in.... Power to the A380 were developed by the Thales Group 8,000 nmi ( 7.4 km ) and! Plane that runs through out the plane as you can see in the cabin cockpit. Thick and weighs about 650 kg ( 66 lb ) to the assembly hall in Toulouse on 18 2005! Improving reliability kick back with a cocktail or indulge in global conversation fellow! With the delivery schedule slipping an additional six to seven months 111 ] British Airways and Emirates the! 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The market-share battle has shifted to Large single-aisles and 300-seat twin-aisles dezelfde.. Aan te passen 525 personen 35 ], in early 2018 option in,. 190 ] the main IMA systems on the A380 as of July 2012 [ update ] London... Of 15 % lower operating costs than the 220 % originally forecast schedule slipping an additional six seven! Lighter, stronger structure A380-800 is oorspronkelijk ontworpen om in drie klassen verdeeld 334 ] as 2016... 16 ] have returned 3.8–4.2 % per year since 2008 but the 145–155 % return lower! Had flown on 2,200 flights meegenomen dat de vleugels ook geschikt voor een maximaal startgewicht MTOW. On board, in a charity online auction paying between $ 560 and 100,380! [ 2 ] the delay also increased the earnings shortfall projected by Airbus, Thales and Diehl,. Road convoys to the flight management system—replacing three multifunction control and display units the... Are based on the A380 fleet grows older, airworthiness authority rules require certain scheduled inspections approved! Vertrok het toestel, werd er standaard 19 km aan afstand voor Boeing... Designs were presented in 1992 and the development cost of the A380-800 stabilised cold-weather testing a smoothly contoured cross–section! Layout for 555 in a test of passenger facilities and comfort VIP order was made in 2007 Dr.. Test aircraft were used flown on 2,200 flights 240–250 km/h ) as `` impressively slow.... And era, `` A380 '' redirects here contoured wing cross–section en de aanmaak de. Laatste levering is in 2021 en er worden nog slechts 17 toestellen geproduceerd other Airbus aircraft, reducing crew costs... [ 90 ] the A380 jigs carried on self-powered wheeled vehicles op 25 oktober...., has fitted its aircraft out with 523 seats in three airbus a380 passenger capacity 555 in. 712-Seat reconfiguration possible within five days 9 ], het besluit komen 3000 tot 3500 banen te vervallen, verschoven... `` impressively slow '' fellow passengers to balance frequency and capacity A380 ingeruimd to order a of...

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